writing project and need guidance to help me learn.
My topic is Reduce suicide I’ll add the instructions below since it is a file. I’ll also attach my Goals and Objectives Online and my logical model with it so you know more about what to talk about.
Requirements: 3 pages
Theory Paper: Directions and Rubric
1. Read chapter 5 in the CHEP book and review the slides from class on creating a theory-based intervention.
2. Choose one of the following theories/models to inform your intervention: i) Health Belief Model, ii) Reasoned Action/Planned Behavior, iii) Social Cognitive Theory, or iv) Transtheoretical/Stages of Change.
3. Find, read, and cite 2-3 scholarly sources on your theory/model. Do not cite your CHEP book. You should find 1-2 scholarly sources that describe your theory/model in detail, and another source can be a journal article about an intervention based on your theory/model (it could be on your issue or a different issue).
4. Include the following information in your paper:
a. A description of your theory/model with 2-3 scholarly sources (Suggested length: 2-3 paragraphs)
b. An explanation for why the theory/model is a good choice for your topic (Suggested length: 1 paragraph)
c. A description of 6-10 intervention strategies that could be used in your intervention to address the main concepts in your theory/model. You are not required to use these strategies in the final version of your intervention; the purpose of this section is to demonstrate understanding of the concepts in your model/theory and gain experience creating an intervention that is theory-based. Each strategy can be described in 1-2 sentences.
Content Criteria (35 points)
Format Criteria (15)
Directions: 1. Read the CTB webpages on logic models. 2. Create a logic model for your program and make sure the content in each box aligns with the rest of the logic model.
The inputs are used to perform the activities, the short-term impacts are a result of the activities, and your program is (hopefully) contributing to an improvement with your issue (long-term outcome).
Community Tool Box (CTB):
Logic Model examples:
10/16/20231Creating a Theory-based InterventionIntroduction to Theories and Models◂Explains how and/or why people behave certain ways ◂Identifies key variables or issues and establishes the relationships between them◂Helps explain situations or predict how change happens◂We are typically targeting knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behaviors…theories/models help us know how to do this effectively without starting from scratch12
10/16/20232For your theory paper…◂Read 2-3 scholarly sources on your theory/model◂One source can be an article about an intervention that used your model/theory (even if the program targeted a different health issue)◂For this paper, citations can be older than 2016…need to use your judgement◂Develop strategies for your program based on the concepts and relationships from the model/theory◂Describe:◂Theory/model with at least two references◂Ideas for how your program will be informed by the model/theoryFor your theory paper, pick a theory/model from this list:◂Health Belief Model◂Reasoned Action/Planned Behavior◂Social Cognitive Theory◂Transtheoretical/Stages of Change34
10/16/20233How to select a theory/model?◂Appropriateness of model to issue, population, program ideas◂What needs to be addressed to change the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and/or behaviors you are targeting?◂Preferences of stakeholders◂How much time is available for planning◂How many resources are available◂Degree to which clients are involved as partners or as consumers◂Preference of funding agency◂Personal comfort and knowledgeInterventions must be “theory-based”◂Theory Rationale Paper is the first step toward developing a theory-based intervention◂Create components of your intervention/program that address the key areas of the theory/model◂Observational learning? ◂Perceptions of susceptibility and consequences? ◂Move closer to making a change? ◂Social norms? ◂Changes at personal, interpersonal, and community levels?◂Tools, strategies, and support needed to increase confidence (self-efficacy) that a change can be made and sustained?◂Tools, strategies, and support to address barriers?56
10/16/20234Health Belief Model◂Aims to describe how an individual’s perceptionsaffect health behavior◂Perceived benefits, barriers, severity, susceptibility, self efficacy◂Trying to change perceptions in order to change behaviorHealth Belief ModelPeople will take action (to prevent, screen for, or control a condition) if they believe/experience the following:1.They are susceptible/vulnerable to condition2.The condition and consequences are severe3.Taking action has a benefit, like reducing the threat4.Barriers to taking the action are low5.There are cues to action (i.e., triggers)6.The person feels capable of taking the action (i.e., self efficacy)78
10/16/20235Health Belief ModelTheory of Reasoned Action/Planned Behavior◂The best predictor of behavior is intention◂Intention is determined by:◂Attitude toward the specific behavior◂Subjective norms: Do most people approve of behavior?◂Perceived behavioral control910
10/16/20236Theory of Reasoned Action/Planned Behavior◂Attitudes -favorable or unfavorable towards behavior◂Subjective norms –Do most people (especially peers and people of importance to the person) approve or disapprove of the behavior? ◂Social norms -customary codes of behavior in a group or larger cultural context◂Perceived power -perception of factors that facilitate or impede performance of a behavior ◂Perceived behavioral control -perception of the ease or difficulty of performing the behavior ◂Behavioral intention -motivational factors that influence a given behavior; the stronger the intention to perform the behavior, the more likely the behavior will be performedTheory of Reasoned Action/Planned Behavior1112
10/16/20237Social Cognitive Theory◂People learn through personal experience AND observation of others◂Behaviors are learned and can be unlearned◂Rewards can increase behaviors◂Reciprocal determinism: person-environment-behavior◂Are there causes or triggers for a behavior?◂Can you alter those causes or triggers?Social Cognitive Theory (1 of 2)◂Reciprocal Determinism -interaction of person (individual with a set of learned experiences), environment (external social context), and behavior (responses to stimuli to achieve goals).◂Behavioral Capability -a person’s actual ability to perform a behavior through essential knowledge and skills. A person must know what to do and how to do it. ◂Observational Learning -people can witness and observe a behavior conducted by others, and then reproduce those actions. This is often exhibited through “modeling” of behaviors. 1314
10/16/20238Social Cognitive Theory (2 of 2)◂Reinforcements -the internal or external responses to a person’s behavior that affect the likelihood of continuing or discontinuing the behavior. Reinforcements can be self-initiated or in the environment, and reinforcements can be positive or negative. ◂Expectations -People anticipate the consequences of their behavior (largely based on previous experience) and these can influence successful completion of the behavior. ◂Self-efficacy -person’s confidence in ability to successfully perform a behavior. Self-efficacy is influenced by a person’s specific capabilities and other individual factors, as well as by environmental factors (barriers and facilitators).1516
10/16/20239Transtheoretical Model (a.k.a. Stages of Change)◂Identifies how close someone is to making a change◂Your program can involve determining which stage people are in and moving them closer to making a change◂Different supports, services, programming, and assessments can be used depending on the stageStages of Change1. Pre-contemplation: not planning a change in the next six months2. Contemplation: ready to make a change in the next six months3. Preparation: committed to change in the next month4. Action: these people are in the first six months of behavior change5. Maintenance: lasts approximately five years. Research indicates this is how long it takes to consider a behavior change permanent.6. Termination: occurs when there is zero temptation to revert back to bad behavior and 100% self efficacy1718
10/16/202311Goals & Objectives◂What is a goal?◂Mission or purpose of program◂Usually broad◂May not be directly measurableGoals & Objectives◂What is an objective?◂Answers the question: Howwill we reach our goal?◂Statement of intended change in a given time frame2122
10/16/202312What criteria should our objectives meet?SpecificMeasurableAttainableRelated to goalTime-bound2324
Goals and Objectives Online Assignment
For this assignment, you will write goals and objectives that you will revise and use in future papers and in your final grant. Fill out the tables on pages 2 and 3.
Read pages 165-172 in the CHEP book on writing goals and objectives.
Write two goals and 8-10 SMART objectives (4-5 objectives for each goal). Write a mix of process and outcome objectives.
Optional: You can outline ideas for evaluation strategies for each objective for feedback (no points).