OHR response week 6

psychology question and need support to help me learn.

respond to studne t with one paragraph
1. Sampling Method:
The authors utilized a randomized controlled trial (RCT) as the sampling method. In an RCT, participants are randomly assigned to different groups, facilitating a comparison of the effects of various interventions or treatments. In this study, participants were randomly assigned to either the experimental regimen group, receiving a specific oral hygiene, or the control group, receiving a standard oral hygiene regimen (Zini et al., n.d.).
Advantages of RCT (Polgar & Thomas, 2020):
Causality Inference: RCTs allow researchers to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between variables, such as the effects of an oral hygiene regimen on gingivitis/early periodontitis.
Randomization: Random assignment minimizes selection bias and ensures an equal chance of participants ending up in either group, enhancing the study’s validity.
Controlled Conditions: RCTs permit precise control of variables, aiding in isolating the effects of the intervention.
Disadvantages of RCT (Polgar & Thomas, 2020):
Resource Intensive: RCTs can be time-consuming and necessitate substantial financial and human resources for recruitment, intervention, and follow-up assessments.
Ethical Concerns: Randomly assigning participants to different conditions may raise ethical concerns, particularly if the intervention could be beneficial or harmful.
2. Ethical Precautions:
In the article, several precautions were taken to ensure adherence to ethical principles. Firstly, all patient participants provided written and signed informed consent documentation (Zini et al., n.d.). Secondly, patients’ confidentiality was strictly maintained, even when some were removed due to conflicts within the study, pregnancy, or lack of study follow-through (Zini et al., n.d.). All references to participants were anonymized. Moreover, no mention was made within the study regarding harm experienced by the patients due to the study. Finally, to eliminate conflicts of interest, the same examiners conducted the follow-up visits for the study (Zini et al., n.d.).
3. Avoiding Plagiarism:
In line with the 7th edition of the Publication Manual (American Psychological Association, 2020), I will adhere to the following practices:
When restating someone else’s ideas in my own words, I will ensure to provide a citation (American Psychological Association, 2020).
Example: According to Soares (2019), sufficient sleep is crucial for overall health
When utilizing exact words from a source, I will enclose the text in quotation marks and provide a citation (American Psychological Association, 2020).
Example: “The primary rule is to consider the audience’s needs” (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 254).
Citing Multiple Authors:
For sources with multiple authors, I will use “et al.” for three or more authors in the first citation, and then use the first author’s name followed by “et al.” for subsequent citations (American Psychological Association, 2020).
Example: Soares et al. (2018) found that.
Zini, A., Mazor, S., Timm, H., Barker, M. L., Grender, J. M., Gerlach, R. W., & Biesbrock, A. R. (n.d.). Effects of an oral hygiene regimen on progression of gingivitis/early periodontitis: A randomized controlled trial. Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, 55(2), 85–94. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC82190…
Polgar, S., & Thomas, S. (2020). Introduction To Research In The Health Sciences. (7th ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences.
Requirements: one paragraph

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