English Question

english question and need support to help me learn.

First Draft Literature Review assignment. My topic is on style/ personal identity
I have attached the assignment instructions
The annotated-Module is just a reference/guide for the assignment
Requirements: N/A
Soc 306
This short writing assignment introduces you to characteristics of an effective literature review and walks you through some steps to assist you in synthesizing research findings in a literature review. You will first write a “Take 1”* of this assignment (worth 5% of the course grade) and then revise and resubmit it based upon feedback from me. The revised assignment will be worth 5% of the course grade. *Note – I call it “Take 1” instead of “draft” because we tend to associate the word “draft” with haste and lack of write/rewrite. The expectation is that Take 1 is a well-crafted piece that you have worked hard on, not a hasty first draft.
Use the sociological search engine, Sociological Abstracts, to locate three peer-reviewed, empirical journal articles on topics related to your in-depth interview project topic. You will hand in three parts, combined:
Part 1. Make a bibliography using ASA style that references these three articles. This must be exact. Be sure every period, semi-colon, and citation is correct and in the right place. Double and triple check that you are following the ASA guidelines. You are being graded on precision in this very simple step.
Part 2. Use the table below to identify the patterns in previous research methods and findings across these studies. The table below provides a way to organize your answers to four questions about the three studies. Fill in the table with your own study results. Don’t skip any question or step.
Part 3. Write one-paragraph of a literature review that synthesizes the findings from the three studies. You may want to remind yourself what synthesis in writing means in this . As described in the website and discussed in class, use synthesis/assessment statements to frame your discussion of the literature on the topic. You should use specific details from the three empirical research studies you reviewed to support your synthesis statements.

LITERATURE REVIEW ASSIGNMENT EXAMPLE: TOPIC Effects of drinking on college campuses
Part 1. Bibliography
Neighbors, Clayton, Megan Jensen, Judy Tidwell, Theresa Walter, Nicole Fossos, and Melissa A. Lewis. 2011. “Social-Norms interventions for light and nondrinking students.” Group Processes & Intergroup Relations 14(5):651–69.
Tan, Andy Soon Leong. 2012. “Through the drinking glass: an analysis of the cultural meanings of college drinking.” Journal of Youth Studies 15(1):119–42.
Yu, Jiang. 2001. “Negative Consequences of Alcohol Use among College Students: Victims or Victimizers?” Journal of Drug Education 31(3):271–87.

Part 2.

Part 3. Write one-paragraph of a literature review that synthesizes the findings from the three studies. Use assessment statements to frame your discussion of the literature on the topic. Use specific details from the studies you reviewed to support your assessment statements.
Various researchers have analyzed the role and effects of alcohol on college campuses. Many of their findings note the predominance of alcohol use in the average college student’s experience (Tan 2012, Yu 2001), and have indicated a prevalence of negative consequences associated with college drinking. A study by Neighbors et al. (2011) evaluated the data collected from first and second-year students at a large public northwestern university who responded in a previous survey that they never or rarely drink. The results concluded that the majority of college students overestimate the level of alcohol their peers consume, and that participants who closely identified with other college students were shown to increase their drinking over time. Relatedly, a qualitative study by Tan (2012) studied a purposive sample of US college newspaper articles and found that drinking is a form of ritualized behavior among university students which provides them with a social code and a sense of inclusion. Furthermore, Yu (2001) examined the primary, or first-hand, and secondary drinking consequences experienced by a random sample of New York college students. The findings showed a relatively strong association between primary and secondary consequences. 91% of participants who reported primary consequences of drinking also reported secondary consequences, indicating that students were negatively affected by alcohol both on individual and group bases (Yu 2001). Neighbors et al. (2011) and Tan (2012) also investigated the efficacy of alcohol intervention programs among college students. Neighbors et al. (2011) found that the application of PNF (personalized normative feedback) and SNMA (social norms marketing advertising) intervention programs had a preventative effect in the participants’ consumption of alcohol over the 6-month period. On the contrary, other research shows that college students continue to consume alcohol at a high level despite years of multi-level intervention programs (Tan 2012:119). However, the findings of these two studies are not generalizable, and the effectiveness of interventions as a form of alcohol consequence prevention is presently unknown. Although the conclusions vary, researchers agree that alcohol plays an essential role in the college experience.

Part 1. Bibliography
Gelles, Richard J. 1988. “Violence and Pregnancy: Are Pregnant Women at Greater Risk of Abuse?” Journal of Marriage
and Family 50: 841-847.
Jasinski, Jana. L. 2001. “Pregnancy and Violence Against Women: An Analysis of Longitudinal Data.” Journal of
Interpersonal Violence 16:712-733.
Miller, Elizabeth, Michele R. Decker, Heather L. McCauley, Daniel J. Tancredi, Rebecca R. Levenson, Jeffrey Waldman,
Phyllis J. Schoenwald, and Jay G. Silverman. 2010. “Pregnancy Coercion, Intimate Partner Violence, and
Unintended Pregnancy.” Contraception 81:316-322.
Part 2.

Part 3. Write one-paragraph of a literature review that synthesizes the findings from the three studies. Use synthesized claims to frame your discussion of the literature on the topic. Use specific details from the studies you reviewed to support your synthesized claims.
The association between pregnancy and domestic violence has been the focus of a small number of previous studies. Most of the studies use pregnancy as the independent variable and violence as the dependent variable. These researchers hypothesize that the stress associated with pregnancy and childbearing increases the risk of domestic violence. Using longitudinal data from the National Survey of Families and Households, Jasinski (2001) studied the association between time 1 pregnancy and whether violence continued or ceased at time 2. The results showed that the link between a pregnancy at time 1 and violence at time 2 disappeared with control variables, except in the situation where the male partner reported that the pregnancy was unintended at time 1. Similarly, a study by Gelles (1988) found that the statistical association between pregnancy and domestic violence victimization disappeared when a control variable for age was introduced, suggesting that the association is spurious. A recent study by Miller et al. (2010) focused instead on violence as the independent variable and pregnancy as the dependent variable. Their study of young women aged 16-29 who visited family planning clinics in California found that there was an association between experiencing domestic violence and unintended pregnancies. The causal direction of the relationship between domestic violence and pregnancy is currently unknown; some researchers have hypothesized that pregnancy leads to increased risk of violence, whereas others have hypothesized that violence leads to increased risk of pregnancy.

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