ENG102 module 4 argument plan – rhetorical considerations

english report and need a sample draft to help me learn.

Overview: In this invention assignment, you will plan out your solution proposal for the problem you have researched. Offering well-thought-out, feasible solutions to problems is a valuable skill in all aspects of life, and this assignment will help you think through and explain the different sections of the argument you will develop. You will also learn the qualities of effective proposals as a means to invent ideas for your project and engage in research.
Problem and Its Presence: Describe the problem in your community briefly, and explain why it is a serious problem that needs solving.
Target Audience: Describe your intended audience – their values, beliefs, expectations, and why it is the right individual or group to address. Your audience should be a decision-maker or decision-making body in your specific community, who has the finances or authority to implement your solution and make that change happen.
Genre: Indicate whether you will compose your proposal in the form of a letter or a memo. Which of the two genres/forms is more suitable for your rhetorical purpose and the specific audience you are targeting? Why?
Alternative Solutions and Drawbacks: List 2 alternative solutions that have been used or suggested previously to address the problem. Then, describe the drawback of each one with evidence.
The Best Solution: State your proposed solution, explain why it is logical and feasible, and provide details for how it will be executed according to your audience’s position and/or ability to act. Avoid proposing multiple solutions, although your solution can involve multiple steps or parts if they are closely related and can be addressed by the same decision-maker.
Justification for the Best Solution: Provide 2-3 convincing reasons why your audience should accept your proposed solution and act on it. Explain what evidence you might use to support each reason. Don’t forget evidence; all personal opinions and claims should be backed up with convincing, audience-specific evidence and research.
Counter-Arguments and Rebuttal: Put yourself in the place of a skeptical/resistance audience, and list 2 possible objections or concerns that they may bring up to challenge the effectiveness and execution of your proposed best solution. Then, describe your response to each counter-argument and what evidence you might use to support your rebuttal. Remember, all personal opinions and claims should be supported with convincing, audience-specific evidence and research.
Concluding Call to Action: Explain what rhetorical strategies you might use to offer a convincing call to the specific decision-maker to implement the solution you proposed.
Craft a thesis for your solution proposal. The thesis in this argument should:
state your main claim (the solution you are proposing)
2-3 audience-appropriate reasons in support of it (i.e., reasons geared towards your audience’s values and beliefs that will be most convincing for them)
Indicate whether you will create an Advocacy Ad or a video PSA and who the audience will be for it. How will it complement your proposal? *I’m looking towards advocacy Ad.
Submission Requirements
At least 700 words
Microsoft Word compatible format or PDF. All written work should be in a 12-pt font. Consult your instructor for additional formatting questions.
I attached what my research problem and research solutions paper to help assist
Traffic congestion within Hawaii’s beautiful islands is a pressing issue that affects local residents and visitors alike. In this synthesis, we will explore possible solutions to alleviate this problem, considering the multifaceted impacts of traffic congestion on social dynamics, the economy, and the environment.
One fundamental approach to combat traffic congestion in Hawaii is by fostering public awareness and education. Launching comprehensive educational campaigns to inform residents about the consequences of traffic congestion is crucial. Advertising traffic congestion via social media would best inform the residents and visitors on the pestering issue. According to Zarella (2010), more than 250 million people are active Facebook users. More than 346 million people read blogs” (Zarella, 2010, Ch. 1, para. 3). With more consumers linked via the web and social media, initiating awareness is but at our fingertips. These campaigns should emphasize economic, environmental, and social impacts, making it clear that everyone has a role in mitigating these effects. Both residents and tourists must be well informed about the consequences of their transportation choices. Promoting sustainable travel options, such as carpooling, biking, and public transportation, can help reduce road congestion. Collaborating with schools to integrate traffic education into the curriculum is an investment in our future. Teaching students about the importance of sustainable transportation and responsible road use from a young age can lay the foundation for tackling traffic issues. Moreover, businesses can contribute by organizing workshops and events that educate employees about transportation choices, flexible work hours, and telecommuting, thus contributing to smoother traffic flow.
A cornerstone of any effective strategy to combat traffic congestion is the integration of a robust public transportation system. Enhancing bus and rail networks offers convenient and sustainable alternatives to private vehicles. The goal is to seamlessly integrate various modes of public transit, such as buses, rails, metro rail, and bike-sharing programs, to offer passengers efficient travel from origin to destination. Schumann (1997) rightly noted that “transit networks with many transfer opportunities offer options to users in more travel markets and, as a result, attract more riders.” (Schumann, 1997, para. 1). Expanding the reach of public transit to underserved communities and ensuring frequent and reliable services are essential steps. This approach not only eases congestion but also reduces the environmental footprint.
Toll implementations and congestion pricing represent critical elements in battling traffic congestion. The introduction of tolls on specific roads and during peak hours incentivizes off-peak travel, reduces congestion, and funds vital transportation infrastructure projects. Teale (2019) aptly stated that, “the nice thing about the congestion pricing potential is the revenue raised from it could potentially be ploughed back into transit and reinvested in the system” (Teale, 2019, para. 28). This implies that the tolls paid by drivers can directly enhance Hawaii’s transportation network. It is crucial to strategically select toll locations, targeting areas plagued by chronic traffic congestion, such as major highway interchanges or bridges. However, introducing these measures gradually and with a focus on equity is equally important, ensuring they do not disproportionately burden low-income communities.
Hawaii’s unique climate and natural beauty make it an ideal place for sustainable transportation initiatives. Promoting biking and walking through dedicated lanes and pedestrian-friendly paths can encourage eco-friendly travel for short distances. Additionally, incentives for electric vehicles, including charging infrastructure and reduced registration fees, can motivate residents to opt for greener transportation choices. To maximize the environmental benefits of electric vehicles, Hawaii should focus on integrating them into the broader context of renewable energy. Kabalci (2021) emphasized how “this type of energy system can, in fact, be used to provide the electricity with lower cost, high system efficiency, and lower environmental emission” (Kabalci, 2021, Ch. 5, p. 181, para. 1). Electric cars, with their minimal emissions and environmental benefits, have emerged as a key sustainable initiative to transform the state’s transportation landscape. Such initiatives not only alleviate congestion but also contribute to a healthier and more vibrant Hawaii.
The credibility of the sources used in this synthesis is in my opinion noteworthy. These sources are reputable and provide valuable insights into the various facets of traffic congestions and potential solutions. Their expertise and research findings enhance the credibility and usefulness of this project were found using the ASU library search tool. The information they provide can support the solutions I have written about. I was able to filter the search by peer review and articles. My method of research entailed reading the data and information provided by said article.
Kabalci (Ed.). (2021). Hybrid renewable energy systems and microgrids. Academic Press.
Schumann. (1997). Rail in Multimodal Transit Systems: concept for Improving urban Mobility
by Increasing Choices for Travel and Lifestyle. Transportation research Record. https://journals-sagepub-com.ezproxy1.lib.asu.edu/doi/abs/10.3141/1571-26
Teale, C. (2019). Free Roads are not Really Free: Can Cities Make Congestion Pricing
Equitable? Smart Cities Dive. https://www.smartcitiesdive.com/news/free-roads-are-not-really-free-can-cities-make-congestion-pricing-equita/560361/
Zarella, D. (2010). The Social Media Marketing Book (1st edition). https://learning-oreilly-
The purpose of this paper is to explore the multifaceted effects of traffic on the Hawaiian local community, delving into the social, economic, and environmental implications that have left an indelible mark on the island state.
The first topic I’ll discuss is the social dynamics and its effects on the local community such as the stress of traffic and its potential adverse effects on mental health or the effects on relationship with family and friends. The economic impact that traffic congestion would affect the local community’s financial burden and other expenses. Lastly, of the current causes and effects of the problem within the community I’d like to discuss are the air pollution and its environmental implications. I’ll try to link how reports would define air pollution and the different types of environmental implications it’ll have to include the local community. The three items that I’ve listed would mainly impact the local community, but the discussion could be had of the affected groups such as the Hawaii government body or stakeholders. The stresses of road upkeep or traffic management and how they could possibly go about providing short to long term solutions. Or how traffic congestion causes issues with tourism among the Hawaii island which is dependent on this. The domino effect would be traffic causing congestion to main tourist attractions, causing those companies to lose out on money.
In regard to my topic, traffic congestion that I’ll be discussing is from 33 years ago till the current day. From history, I will try to cite a source for each evidence claim I’ve listed prior. The social dynamics seem to be shifting, and relationships are being tested due to the daily gridlock. The long hours spending in your car can lead to stress and frustration, which, in turn, affect relationships with family and friends. According to Austin Frakt (2019),
Another toll is to psychological well-being, stemming from the sense of helplessness we experience in traffic, and its unpredictability. This, too, can be quantified. One study found that to save a minute of time spent in traffic, people would trade away five minutes of any other leisure activity. Another study found that we deal better with the commuting delays that we can anticipate. Stressed-out people can take out their frustration on others. We’ve probably all experienced or seen road rage, but aggressive behavior can carry over beyond a commute.
This highlights how traffic congestion can take a toll on a person’s psychological state, and how it can lead to frustration on possibly your family and friends. I used common practices as reading and viewing the work of others to come the finding of this source.
The economic impact of Hawaii’s traffic congestions is not limited to wasted time but it’s also a significant financial burden. There is the cost of operating a vehicle in Hawaii is among the highest in the nation due to factors such as fuel prices, registration and insurance rates. In the article by Stewart Yerton (2022),
A 2021 study by the Ulupono Initiative, the cost of owning a vehicle in Hawaii is $8,100 annually, or $675 per month, when factoring in the various costs, including gas, maintenance and insurance. Ulupono used census data compiled by the accounting firm Deloitte – which shows 80% of Hawaii households own two or more cars – to assume most households own at least two cars and thus face a $16,200 annual expense, or about $1,350 a month for transportation.
This is but a glimpse at the high costs that vehicle transportation a local resident and community would incur on top of gas consumption and expense from traffic congestion. My research on this item used a combination of reading the work of others and using the ASU library research tool.
Vehicles leave more than just tire marks on the road, Hawaii’s idyllic environment is suffering from the environmental consequences of traffic congestion. Reviewing secondary sources and the ASU library research tool, I was able to locate a book called Traffic-related air pollution. Within this book, Haneen Khreis (2020) writes, “Anthropogenic air pollution is generally more persistent and toxic, with profound effects. It could cause significant adverse health effects in human beings and irreversible damage to the environment” (Khreis, 2022, p. 25). Linking this info and expanding on the vehicle negatives such as carbon emissions & air pollution during daily traffic congestion threatens the air quality and the health of both residents and visitors. The islands’ unique ecosystems, from coral reefs, are susceptible to harm from vehicle pollutants carried by wind and water. Traffic congestion has also contributed to the depletion of natural resources. The need for expanding roadways and infrastructure to accommodate the growing number of vehicles encroaches upon the limited space available for conservation and recreation. This impact on the environment not only tarnishes the natural beauty of Hawaii but also jeopardizes the state’s tourism-dependent economy.
Reviewing the sources and identifying whether they are credible or not were identified by using the notes and readings of the module 3. I ensured that the articles were identified as peer reviewed. I also tried to verify that the articles or book were searched within google scholar.
The stakeholders that would be affected are the local residents that use the highway daily. I will try to perform an interview of stakeholders. The three questions would be as follows: What type of emotions are brought on when you’re in traffic? What kind of expenses do you incur caused by traffic and vehicle usage? What are your thoughts on expanding roadways and its impact on the islands landscape to help alleviate traffic congestions?
Austin Frakt, (Jan 21, 2019). Stuck and Stressed: The health Costs of Traffic: The New Health Care. New York Times. https://www.proquest.com/docview/2168844118?parentSessionId=LRSis0uo0leXuEmGFlybf6GiA3jCRK2%2BJB%2Bd5ag4sbA%3D&pq-origsite=primo&accountid=4485
Haneen Khreis, (2020). Traffic-related air pollution. Elsevier
Stewart Yerton, (Mar 7, 2022). Why It Costs So Much To Own A Car In Hawaii. Honolulu Civil Beat.

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