Education & Teaching Question

education & teaching writing question and need the explanation and answer to help me learn.

OVERVIEW
Through a series of assignments, you will complete an overall research plan by the end of this course. By completing these research plan assignments, you will be able to demonstrate your ability to synthesize the content from each module by writing a corresponding section of your plan. You will compose your research plan in increments throughout the course using a provided template (see the schedule chart below). Please type directly into the template, using the same template file each time to build upon your previous submission’s content. The instructor will provide feedback for each submission. You are not required to address this feedback each week but are encouraged to reflect upon the instructor’s comments as you prepare to write a full dissertation proposal later in the program.
You will complete each installment of your research plan as follows:
Module: Week Portions of the Research Plan Template that are to be completed
Module 2: Week 2 Title, Introduction, Research Questions, Hypothesis
Module 3: Week 3 Participants and Setting
Module 4: Week 4 Instrumentation
Module 5: Week 5 Quantitative Research Design
Module 6: Week 6 Procedures for Data Collection
Module 7: Week 7 Data Analysis
A Research Plan Example has been provided with each assignment for your reference.
INSTRUCTIONS
For this assignment, complete the following sections of the provided Research Plan Template according to the guidelines specified below:
1. Title – The title includes the precise identification of the problem; it contains the independent and dependent variables and target population. It must be clear, concise, and fully descriptive of the study. The recommended length is 12 words.
2. Introduction – The introduction should catch the audience’s attention by using a “hook” and convince the reader that the topic or issue is important by using at least 3-4 scholarly journal articles published within the last five years. It provides a general overview of the topic and prepares the reader for the background section of the manuscript. The recommended length is 200–300 words.
3. Research Questions – The proposed research questions must be derived from the problem and purpose statements. A well-formulated research question:
asks about the relationship/differences between two or more variables,
is stated clearly and in the form of a question,
is testable (i.e., possible to collect quantitative data to answer the question),
does not pose an ethical or moral problem for implementation,
is specific and restricted in scope (i.e., the aim is not to solve the world’s problems), and
identifies exactly what is to be solved.
A good research question also clearly identifies the sample population. In addition, it should be noted that the research question implies the research design and statistical analysis.
A typical dissertation contains one to three research questions. Research questions should be listed, each on a separate line.
4. Hypothesis – Every research question will normally have at least one corresponding null hypothesis; however, sometimes more than one is needed. The number of hypotheses needed should be based on the variables under study and the planned analysis method. Well-formulated hypotheses are based on the following criteria:
the hypothesis states the expected relationship/differences between variables,
the hypothesis is testable,
the hypothesis is stated as simply and concisely as possible and
the hypothesis is founded in the problem statement and supported by research.
Like the research questions, the hypotheses directly influence the statistical procedures used. It is recommended that hypotheses be written in the null form, mainly because that is how they will be treated in the statistical analyses. If hypotheses are written in directional form (directional research hypotheses), there must be a firm basis in the literature for doing so.
To see example research questions and corresponding statistical tests, click on the SOE Doctoral Community: Quantitative Resources link provided with this assignment. You can also use these resources to guide the Data Analysis section you will complete later.
In addition to the sections above, provide references at the bottom of the template for all sources cited. All references must be formatted according to current APA formatting guidelines.
Important Notes:
Topic: Diversity Among School Leadership: How the Under-Representation of African American Male Administrators in K-12 Leadership Has Resulted in Higher Turnover Rates Among African American Male Educators.
Problem Statement:The under-representation of diversity in school leadership among administrators has resulted in higher turnover rates among African Americans (Castro, A., Germain, E., Gooden, M., & University Council for Educational Administration, 2018).
Requirements: N/A
Research Plan Template

References
Cawley, J., Frisvold, D., & Meyerhoefer, C. (2013). The impact of physical education on obesity among elementary school children. Journal of Health Economics, 32(4), 743-755.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Youth physical activity guidelines toolkit.
Ebbeling, C. B., Pawlak, D. B., & Ludwig, D. S. (2002). Childhood obesity: Public-health crisis, common sense cure. The Lancet, 360(9331), 473-482.
Ip, P., Ho, F. K., Louie, L. H., Chung, T. W., Cheung, Y. F., Lee, S. L., . . . Jiang, F. (2017). Childhood obesity and physical activity-friendly school environments. Journal of Pediatrics, 191, 110-116.
Janssen, I., & LeBlanc, A. G. (2010). Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7(1), 40.
Johnson, R. B. & Christensen., L. (2019). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches (7th ed.). Sage.
Kriemler, S., Zahner, L., Schindler, C., Meyer, U., Hartmann, T., Hebestreit, H.,… & Puder, J. J. (2010). Effect of school based physical activity programme (KISS) on fitness and adiposity in primary schoolchildren: Cluster randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 340, c785.
Li, J., & Hooker, N. H. (2010). Childhood obesity and schools: evidence from the national survey of children’s health. Journal of School Health, 80(2), 96-103.
Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., & Flegal, K. M. (2014). Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States, 2011-2012. Journal of the American Medical Association, 311(8), 806-814.
Phillips, S. R., & Silverman, S. (2012). Development of an instrument to assess fourth and fifth grade students’ attitudes toward physical education. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 16(4), 316-327.
Racette, S. B., Dill, T. C., White, M. L., Castillo, J. C., Uhrich, M. L., Inman, C. L., . . . Clark, B. R. (2015). Influence of physical education on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity of urban public school children in St. Louis, Missouri, 2011-2014. Prevention of Chronic Diseases, 12, E31.
Silverman, S. (2017). Attitude research in physical education: A review. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 36, 303-312.
Subramanian, P. R., & Silverman, S. (2000). Validation of scores from an instrument assessing student attitude toward physical education. Measurement in physical education and exercise science, 4(1), 29-43.
Warner, R. M. (2008). Applied Statistics (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
CriteriaRatingsPointsCompletion31 to >28 ptsAdvancedAll components wereaddressed28 to >25 ptsProficientOne to twocomponents were notaddressed.25 to >0 ptsDevelopingThree to fourcomponents werenot addressed.0 ptsNot PresentFive or morecomponents were notaddressed.31 ptsUnderstanding12 to >10 ptsAdvancedCandidatedemonstrated acompleteunderstanding of thequantitative methodsused to complete thesection of theresearch plan.10 to >9 ptsProficientCandidatedemonstrated aproficientunderstanding of thequantitative methodsused to complete thesection of theresearch plan withonly 1-2 errors.9 to >0 ptsDevelopingCandidatedemonstrated adevelopingunderstanding of thequantitative methodsused to complete thesection of theresearch plan with3-4 errors.0 ptsNot PresentCandidate did notdemonstrate anunderstanding of thequantitative methodsused to complete thesection of theresearch plan withmore than 4 errors.12 ptsCorrectness10 to >9 ptsAdvancedAll components werecorrect.9 to >7 ptsProficientOne to twocomponents were notcorrect.7 to >0 ptsDevelopingThree to fourcomponents werenot correct.0 ptsNot PresentFive or morecomponents were notcorrect.10 ptsGrammar,Usage, &Mechanics9 to >8 ptsAdvancedCorrect spelling andgrammar are usedthroughout theassignment. Thereare 0-1 errors ingrammar or spellingthat distract thereader from thecontent.8 to >7 ptsProficientThere are occasionalerrors in grammar orspelling. There are1-2 errors ingrammar or spellingthat distract thereader from thecontent.7 to >0 ptsDevelopingThere are 3-4 errorsper section ingrammar or spellingthat distract thereader from thecontent.0 ptsNot PresentThere are more than4 errors per section ingrammar or spellingthat distract thereader from thecontent.9 ptsResearch Plan Grading Rubric | EDUC815_D02_202340
CriteriaRatingsPointsCurrent APAFormat13 to >11 ptsAdvancedCurrent APA format isused in each section.There are 0-1 errorsin current APA styleand tone and 0-1errors in thereference.11 to >10 ptsProficientCurrent APA formatis used in mostsections. There are1-2 errors in currentAPA style and toneand 1-2 errors in thereference.10 to >0 ptsDevelopingCurrent APA formatis lacking in mostsections. There are3-4 errors in currentAPA style and toneand 3-4 errors in thereference.0 ptsNot PresentCurrent APA format islacking in mostsections. There aremore than 4 errors incurrent APA style andtone and more than 4errors in thereference.13 ptsTotal Points: 75Research Plan Grading Rubric | EDUC815_D02_202340
Research Plan Template

References
[List references in current APA format.]
Research Plan: Title, Introduction, Research Questions, and Hypothesis Assignment Instructions
Overview
Through a series of assignments, you will complete an overall research plan by the end of this course. By completing these research plan assignments, you will be able to demonstrate your ability to synthesize the content from each module by writing a corresponding section of your plan. You will compose your research plan in increments throughout the course using a provided template (see the schedule chart below). Please type directly into the template, using the same template file each time to build upon your previous submission’s content. The instructor will provide feedback for each submission. You are not required to address this feedback each week but are encouraged to reflect upon the instructor’s comments as you prepare to write a full dissertation proposal later in the program.
You will complete each installment of your research plan as follows:
A Research Plan Example has been provided with each assignment for your reference.
Instructions
For this assignment, complete the following sections of the provided Research Plan Template according to the guidelines specified below:
Title – The title includes the precise identification of the problem; it contains the independent and dependent variables and target population. It must be clear, concise, and fully descriptive of the study. The recommended length is 12 words.
Introduction – The introduction should catch the audience’s attention by using a “hook” and convince the reader that the topic or issue is important by using at least 3-4 scholarly journal articles published within the last five years. It provides a general overview of the topic and prepares the reader for the background section of the manuscript. The recommended length is 200–300 words.
Research Questions – The proposed research questions need to be derived from the problem and purpose statements. A well-formulated research question:
asks about the relationship/differences between two or more variables,
is stated clearly and in the form of a question,
is testable (i.e., possible to collect quantitative data to answer the question),
does not pose an ethical or moral problem for implementation,
is specific and restricted in scope (i.e., the aim is not to solve the world’s problems), and
identifies exactly what is to be solved.
A good research question also clearly identifies the sample population. In addition, it should be noted that the research question implies the research design and statistical analysis.
A typical dissertation contains one to three research questions. Research questions should be listed, each on a separate line.
Hypothesis – Every research question will normally have at least one corresponding null hypothesis; however, sometimes more than one is needed. The number of hypotheses needed should be based on the number of variables under study and the planned analysis method. Well-formulated hypotheses are based on the following criteria:
the hypothesis states the expected relationship/differences between variables,
the hypothesis is testable,
the hypothesis is stated as simply and concisely as possible, and
the hypothesis is founded in the problem statement and supported by research.
Like the research questions, the hypotheses directly influence the statistical procedures used. It is recommended that hypotheses be written in the null form, mainly because that is how they will be treated in the statistical analyses. If hypotheses are written in directional form (directional research hypotheses), there must be a firm basis in the literature for doing so.
To see example research questions and corresponding statistical tests, click on the SOE Doctoral Community: Quantitative Resources link provided with this assignment. You can also use these resources as a guide for the Data Analysis section you will complete later.
In addition to the sections above, provide references at the bottom of the template for all sources cited. All references must be formatted according to current APA formatting guidelines.
Note: Your assignment will be checked for originality via the Turnitin plagiarism tool.

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