Draft of introduction

biology writing question and need the explanation and answer to help me learn.

Please upload a draft of your proposal introduction.
Use the template below as an outline:
Introduction (~350 words)
Note: The Introduction and Previous works sections should flow together like an inverted pyramid.
The Introduction gives a broad overview of your topic, while the Previous works section offers more specific context that helps us understand how your study builds upon what is already known to find out something is currently unknown.
a.What is your topic? Who/what does it affect? Why is it important to study?
What is something that is unknown about this topic? (Note: The study you propose to conduct is an attempt to answer this unknown, or a piece of this unknown).
Research topic: Contributions of neuroscience to the subject of emotional pain
Possible questions: Why does emotional pain affect us more than physical pain even though the parts of the brain are very similar? Are emotional responses to pain influenced by neuronal activation? Are emotions and pain related? Are there any treatment advantages in treating emotional pain?
Type of research: a controlled experiment using a resonance imaging (fMRI) machine to scan the brains of emotionally broken participants.
Requirements: 400 words
Study Design
Melany Beltran
Study design
What is your research question? (1 sentence)
What are the differences between the neurological mechanisms behind emotional pain and those underlying physical pain, and how do they affect treatment?
What is your hypothesis? (1-3 sentences)
Different neural activity patterns are involved in emotional pain.
Biological Rationale (1-3 sentences).
Comprehending precisely how feeling pain operates in the brain and telling it apart from physical pain is crucial for advancing our knowledge of living things. It will illuminate the hidden neural circuits, neurotransmitters, and molecular processes engaged in emotional pain, potentially establishing more exact treatments for mood disorders, trauma-related troubles, and chronic pain (Jean Decety et al., 2012). This research can modify biology by uncovering brand-new insights into the brain’s response to emotional distress and physical injury, clearing the path for more powerful therapeutic interventions.
d. Social Rationale (1-3 sentences)
The findings from this proposed study may have profound effects on society. Understanding the neural basis for emotional pain could create more precise and helpful therapies for depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (Johnson & Mosri, 2016). It could also advise approaches for managing pain that consist of emotional and physical parts, potentially reducing the overuse of opiate medications and improving the quality of life for people with constant pain. Ultimately, this research could contribute to decreasing the societal burden of mental health issues and chronic pain, enhancing overall well-being and productivity.
e. General overview of experiment
i. What is your research question? (restate)
What are the differences between the neurological mechanisms behind emotional pain and those underlying physical pain, and how do they affect treatment?
ii. What is your hypothesis? (Note that a hypothesis and a prediction are not the same thing).
Different neural activity patterns are involved in emotional pain.
iii. Describe how the study will be set up and conducted and how the data will be assessed.
This research will be a comparative study performed employing functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans to quantify brain activity, pain perception ratings, and emotional pain degrees. During the fMRI scans, participants will be subjected to emotional and physical pain boosts. The data will be evaluated by analyzing fMRI images for neural activation patterns, compiling self-reported pain perception ratings, and gauging emotional pain levels through standardized questionnaires.
iv. What type of study is this? (observational/correlative study vs. controlled experiment)
This is a comparative study
v. What are you comparing? (What is the “treatment/experimental” group vs. the “control” group)
This study will contrast two unique sets: the treatment/experimental” group vs. the “control” group. These groups are pivotal for examining the divergences in neural processes between emotional and physical pain and their applicable impacts on pain perception and emotional distress.
Those involved in the treatment party will be exposed to emotionally agonizing stimuli amid the fMRI checks. Emotionally distressing images, audio clips, or narratives planned intentionally to evoke emotions of sadness, grief, or emotional unease will be utilized. These stimuli will be carefully decided to guarantee that members encounter a certifiable emotional reaction amid the fMRI checks. By presenting this gathering to emotionally agonizing stimuli, we want to look at the neural activity patterns related to emotional pain and how they contrast with physical pain.
During the brain imaging scans, the control group will be open to physical distress boosts. These physical pain stimuli may involve mild, regulated physical uneasiness, such as a brief presentation of heat or pressure. The choice of stimuli will prioritize safety and decrease physical harm while evoking a pain reaction (Johnson & Mosri, 2016). The control group is essential for setting up a base correlation, allowing us to disengage the neural mechanism particular to physical distress. By looking at the information from the benchmark team with that of the treatment/trial group, we can perceive the neural circuit and brain locales singularly related to enthusiastic agony.
This carefully designed comparison between the treatment/experimental group exposed to emotional pain stimuli and the control group exposed to physical pain stimuli will let us recognize the neural activity examples and areas of the brain that underlie emotional pain and separate them from those engaged with physical agony understanding. Ultimately, distinguishing these contrasts will give a basic understanding of the distinct neural circuits and procedures in charge of these two kinds of pain, adding to a more profound comprehension of the neurobiology of emotional and physical agony and possibly driving innovative techniques in pain management and emotional health treatment.
vi. What are your variables? (If a controlled experiment, what are your independent, dependent, and controlled variables? If an observational/correlative study, what variables are you measuring? What variables are you aiming to keep the same among groups?)
Independent variables: Emotional and physical pain stimuli. Dependent variables: Brain activity, pain perception ratings, emotional distress scoring.
vii. How will you know whether the data support your hypothesis?
This research demands data validation to ruthlessly examine the hypothesis that different neural activity patterns underlie emotional pain compared to physical pain. To accomplish this goal, the collected data will experience an exhaustive evaluation, integrating various statistical methods and assessments.
The functional Resonance Imaging (fMRI) information will be cautiously examined and analyzed to distinguish dissimilarities in neural activation patterns between the two groups (emotional and physical agony) (Jean Decety et al., 2012). State-of-the-art neuroimaging techniques, such as region-of-interest (ROI) research and whole-brain voxel-wise analysis, will be utilized to recognize specific brain regions that show fluctuating levels of movement in reaction to physical and emotional pain boosts. It will let us decide if neural signatures are exceptional to each pain, giving essential experiences into the neural basis for emotional and physical pain.
Additional information about pain perception and scores regarding emotional unease will also experience statistical analysis. Parametric and non-parametric statistical tests will be applied to judge the significance of distinctions between the groups’ pain perception and emotional unease. By blending these behavioral steps with brain imagery information, we can form comprehensive conclusions regarding the distinct cognitive and emotional processes related to emotional and physical pain. The combined analysis of neural activity, pain perception, and emotional distress data will offer a robust validation of the hypothesis and yield a deeper comprehension of how the brain processes and separates these two types of pain, with potential implications for future treatment methods (Simons et al., 2014).
viii. What is the expected outcome of your study (what is your prediction)? What will this imply?
The expected outcome of this research will show that the neural activity seen when feeling emotional hurt will differ from when feeling physical hurt. This dissimilarity implies that distinct neural circuits and processes underlie these two kinds of hurt. Furthermore, understanding these variances may propose new ways to deal with emotional hurt, potentially guiding to more effective therapies for mental health issues and strategies for managing pain that consider the emotional factor. Ultimately, this study could notably affect the field of neuroscience and lead to physical improvements in healthcare and society’s overall wellness.
Jean Decety, Kalina J. Michalska, Katherine D. Kinzler, The Contribution of Emotion and Cognition to Moral Sensitivity: A Neurodevelopmental Study, Cerebral Cortex, Volume 22, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 209–220, 
Johnson, B., & Mosri, D. F. (2016). The Neuropsychoanalytic approach: using neuroscience as the basic science of psychoanalysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 7. 
Simons, L. E., Elman, I., & Borsook, D. (2014). Psychological processing in chronic pain: A neural systems approach. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 39, 61–78. 

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