Answer & Explanation

The Thorndike’s experiments about cats demonstrates the concept of learning through consequences. In this, cats were placed in puzzle boxes and learned to escape by pressing a lever or pulling a string. They learned through trial and error, gradually increasing their escape speed. Interestingly, the cats didn’t necessarily understand the mechanism behind their escape, but they repeated the behavior that led to a favorable outcome. The distinction between reinforcement and punishment is important. Reinforcement involves providing something pleasant or removing something unpleasant as a consequence, often acting as a reward. On the other hand, punishment involves presenting something unpleasant or removing something pleasant, which discourages a particular behavior. What’s interesting about this content is how it explains the relationship between behavior and consequences. Cats in Thorndike’s experiments learned to perform certain actions because they led to favorable outcomes, even if they didn’t fully understand the underlying mechanism. This concept of learning through consequences can be applied to everyday life, education, and future careers. As a student, you can apply these concepts to your study habits. Reward yourself when you achieve your study goals. If you find that a particular study method is not effective, you can change it, applying the

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