An IOT based Agricultural Crop Monitoring and Protection System from Heavy Rains using Rain Shield

agriculture project and need a sample draft to help me learn.

Horticulture is the main thing for basic need i.e., food for all nations on the planet. In this agribusiness even water plays a major role. The mechanized water system and harvest field checking framework is utilized to advance the utilization of water asset for agribusiness. The whole system comprises of sensor network for humidity, temperature, soil moisture sensors and downpour sensor are utilized in this system. Moisture and humidity sensor are set in the agribusiness field. And downpour sensor is utilized for the programmed roof. The microcontroller of the regulator unit is customized with edge up sides of the temperature and moisture levels. The regulator unit controls the water system engine consequently controlling the water stream to the field. This task is mostly centered around further developing the agricultural fields yield by furnishing an observing framework with viable and proficient use of water asset. In the event that moisture sensor distinguishes dryness in the field, the water engine will be on. If downpour sensor recognizes the downpour the programmed rooftop will open. The status of sensors checked through page i.e., thing speak site and water engine is controlled dependent on the dirt moisture sensor status.
Requirements: | .doc file
An IOT based Agricultural Crop Monitoring and Protection System from Heavy Rains using Rain Shield
ABSTRACT
Horticulture is the main thing for basic need i.e., food for all nations on the planet. In this agribusiness even water plays a major role. The mechanized water system and harvest field checking framework is utilized to advance the utilization of water asset for agribusiness. The whole system comprises of sensor network for humidity, temperature, soil moisture sensors and downpour sensor are utilized in this system. Moisture and humidity sensor are set in the agribusiness field. And downpour sensor is utilized for the programmed roof. The microcontroller of the regulator unit is customized with edge up sides of the temperature and moisture levels. The regulator unit controls the water system engine consequently controlling the water stream to the field. This task is mostly centered around further developing the agricultural fields yield by furnishing an observing framework with viable and proficient use of water asset. In the event that moisture sensor distinguishes dryness in the field, the water engine will be on. If downpour sensor recognizes the downpour the programmed rooftop will open. The status of sensors checked through page i.e., thing speak site and water engine is controlled dependent on the dirt moisture sensor status.
Keywords—Horticulture, agri-business, crop protection
INTRODUCTION
Farming plays a major role in our country. A large number of people in India relies upon horticulture. About 58% people relies just upon agriculture. GDP approximately equal to 38% of Indian economy is by horticulture. It depends upon storm and precipitation, so it is as yet being worked on. Selection of better water system and logical strategies helps in good progress of horticulture. Nursery, polyhouse sort of improved and ensured technique assists with yielding more. Indeed, even agribusiness is embraced my numerous individuals in India, yet creation rate is less. Comparing to nations like USA, China, Germany and Italy we produce small amount of food grains, and we are bringing in food grains from those counties. In the event that we needed to procure more
benefit from horticulture, we should embrace current cultivating procedures, for example, Greenhouse cultivating (polyhouse cultivating), aquaculture cultivating and so forth Government is likewise promising these sorts of present-day advancements to expand the yield and give assets through various plans. Focal government give endowment, credit for nursery, penny polyhouse, conceal net house plan to empower present day strategy for horticulture. The public authority is constantly putting forth attempts to foster agribusiness area. Nursery is a design with dividers and rooftop comprised of straight forward material, like glass or clear things. According to plant requirement the climatic condition is set in green house structure. There are many designs and sizes of green house including small sized sheds to big like mechanical structures.
Here by using updated technologies, we are designing an automatic greenhouse system which prevents spoilage of crops due to heavy and uneven rainfall. It has a roof which can automatically close in presence of heavy and open during the conditions specified by the user. Roof can be controlled automatically. This system can monitor different conditions like humidity, moisture suitable for a growth of plant specified by the user.
LITERATURE REVIEW
In some regions the water supply is not sufficient, in those regions there is necessity of preserving the water for agriculture. Conserving of rainwater helps in various agricultural needs. This can be achieved using rainwater harvesting and other advanced irrigation techniques helps in better use of water. The main key to overcome is to establish a various domain of concern such as land, farm, water tank etc. [1] Many advancements took place in irrigation techniques like drip irrigation etc…In the initial stage the project cost is high due to taxes to farmer is more in the form of levy.
The use of IOT to monito temperature, humidity and moisture in the soil of agricultural land. Due to weather variations, a large number of crops have been damaged. Sensor capture more precise field data and detect numerous characteristics in the soil, such as temperature, moisture and humidity content which aids in the reduction of difficulties in the agricultural field [9]. To identify an object, such as crop, as well as to facilitate communication by transmitting and receiving data RFID technology is used. The quantity of water supply to crop can be determined by moisture sensor which measures moisture content and sends data to RFID, allowing to turn on and off the water source.
EXISTING SYSTEM
The existing system is a GSM based remote control system. It can automatically irrigate the field based on readings of temperature and humidity from sensor and it sets the irrigation time. Information is collected via SMS on GSM network. Here the microcontroller chip contains Bluetooth module to reduce SMS charges. This design gives information like dry running motor, water content, temperature, smoke via SMS on GSM network or by using Bluetooth.
PROPOSED SYSTEM
Here an automatic system is developed and deployed. We introduce a new wireless which is a design of embedded web server making use of WIFI module and internet of things. The automated irrigation has the sensor network built using soil moisture sensor, rain sensor and humidity sensor. If moisture sensor detects dryness in the field, the water motor will be ON. If rain sensor detects the rain the automatic roof will open. The status of sensors monitored through webpage i.e., things peak site and water motor is controlled by the the soil moisture sensor status.
The methodology of the proposed system can be given by below block diagram
Fig 1: Blocks present in proposed system
MODULE DESCRIPTION
ARDUINO UNO
Arduino Uno is an open-source microcontroller card based on the Microchip ATmega328P microcontroller developed by the company. The card consists of digital and analog input/output (I/O) pin groups, which can be connected to different expansion cards (shield) and other circuits. It has 14 digital I/O pins in which 6 are PWM outputs, 6 analog I/O pins, and can be programmed by using Integrated Development Environment (IDE) via USB. It accepts voltage ranging from 7 to 20V and can be powered by using USB cable or external battery of 9V. It resembles Arduino Nano and Leonardo. The hardware design has been licensed in the same way as Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 license. It can be found on the Arduino website. Design and manufacturing files are also available for some hardware versions.
Fig 2: Hardware component Arduino uno
WIFI MODULE
The ESP8266 WLAN Wi-Fi module consists of Transmission control and Internet protocol stack, through which each microcontroller can access your WLAN network. By using this we can host APP or load all Wi-Fi network functions from another APP processor. Each module has been pre-programmed by using AT-command Suite firmware, which means you can plug it into an Arduino device and have as many Wi-Fi functions as a Wi- Fi screen (ready to use) The ESP8266 module is a lucrative circuit board with a large and steadily growing community.
Fig 3: ESP266 module
SOIL MOISTURE SENSOR:
It is one type of sensor used to check the volumetric substance of water inside the soil. These sensors measure the volumetric water content by even considering some other guidelines of soil like dielectric consistent, electrical opposition, in any case cooperation with neutrons, and substitution of the moisture content.
Fig 4: Soil moisture sensor
RAIN SENSOR:
A rain sensor is a switching device which is used to detect the rainfall. In case of rain the switch will be closed and will be opened if there is no rain.
Fig 5: Rain sensor
DHT11 SENSOR:
It is commonly used to measure temperature and humidity. This sensor consists 8-bit microcontroller to give temperature and humidity values as serial data. It can be interfaced to different microcontrollers.
Fig 6: DHT11 sensor
RESULTS
The system was designed according to the requirements and here the results are obtained and is shown in below figure.
This system mainly focuses on small crops. Here we set the moisture condition to 100. If it is more than 100 then it will automatically turn OFF the pump or it turns ON in-case of vice-versa. The main objective of this system is to avoid loss of crop and to increase yielding even it is in-case of heavy rain. The rain sensor used here notifies presence of rain. If it rains the roof on the top will be closed to protect crop and stops the irrigation process. It also collects rain water which can be used for other purposes.
Fig 7 : Hardware Setup
Moisture sensor measures the moisture content in the soil. If the moisture level is normal then we can say that there is sufficient amount of water is present in the soil, if the moisture level is below the normal value, it indicates that the soil is dry, in that case the motor pump will automatically waters the field. The humidity sensor analyses the moisture levels in air and displays it on LCD, it also measures temperature and displays on LCD. The rain sensor detects presence of rain and automatically closes the crop with roof on the top and will be open if it’s not the case.
CONCLUSION
Here the main intention is to protect the crops and improve the productivity. Deploying the idea of roof of the greenhouse protects the crop in any climatic conditions. The IOT makes this idea simple and to deploy in a easy way which is even cost effective to farmers and reduce man-power.
REFERENCES
L.Mateos and J.L. araus, L.Mateos and J.L. Araus, J.L.Mateos and(2016). For the effective use of water in agriculture, there are hydrological, agronomical, breeding, and physiological approaches. Agricultural water management . vol. 164 no.2, pp. 190-196.
T.Wasson, T.Choudhury, S. Sharma, and P. Kumar, [2] Wasson, T., Choudhury, T.; Sharma, S., and kumar, P(2017)IOT enablesd RFID and sensor integration in agriculture. 2017 International Conference on Smart Technologies for Smart Nation (SmartTechCon). doi:10.1109/smarttechcon.2017.835837 2
Gouadria, F., Sbita, L., & Sigrimis, N. (2017). A greenhouse system control based on a PSO tuned PI regulator. 2017 International Conference on Green Energy Conversion Systems (GECS). doi:10.1109/gecs.2017.8066235
Alsharakhat, A., Almoalem, M., AlHawaj, N., Papageorgiou, C., Sadriwala, A. (2017). Temperature Control of a Greenhouse System Using Embedded Systems Technology. 2017 9th IEEE-GCC Conference and Exhibition (GCCCE). doi:10.1109/ieeegcc.2017.8447937
D. Anitha Infantian Rubala, “Agriculture Field Monitoring using Wireless Sensor Networks to Improve Crop Production” 2017 IEEE International (2017).
H. Sampaio and S. Motoyama (2017). The usage hierarchical wireless sensor network. 2017 The 9th Latin-American Communication conference(LATINCOM)
Wireless Sensor Network and Monitoring of Crop Field Joshi P P1 Dr.Kanade S S2 , Dr.Joshi S P3 e-ISSN: 2278- 2834,p- ISSN: 2278- 8735.Volume 12, Issue 1, Ver. II (Jan.-Feb. 2017), PP 23-28
Chen, Y.-J., & Chien, H.-Y. (2017). IoT-based greenhouse system with splunk data analysis. 2017 IEEE 8th International Conference on Awareness 1Science and Technology (iCAST). doi:10.1109/icawst.2017.8256458

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